LNA’s ‘Frankenstein’ MiG-23ML Flogger shot down by MANPAD

The much-loved MiG-23ML Flogger fighter/bomber aircraft belonging to forces of the Libyan strongman Khalifa Haftar has been shot down by the Government of National Accord (GNA) forces on December 7, 2019.

This particular MiG-23ML was named ‘Frankenstein Flogger‘ because it was made flyable by cannibalizing parts from other stricken aircraft.

According to Libyan sources, the pilot, Brig. Gen. Aamer Al-Jagam, reportedly managed to eject from the Flogger and was arrested. Video shared online allegedly shows an armed group claiming to be members of GNA using MANPADS (Man Portable Air Defense System) to target the MiG-23ML, the video clip seems to show an 9K32 Strela-2man-portable, shoulder-fired surface-to-air missile system.

The sequence of the alleged downing of the MiG-23ML. (The Aviationist via Twitter)
Wreckage of the downed MiG-23ML Flogger aircraft, note the serial number (Source GNA/Twitter)

Following the shoot-down, several conflicting reports were published regarding the scene of the crash, with some reports saying the MiG-23 crashed in western Tripoli, whereas others say it was hit and crashed near Yarmouk Camp in southern Tripoli.

So far, the LNA has acknowledged the loss, but says the MiG-23 crashed for technical reasons. However, after an Italian and U.S. military drone crashed in Libya on November 20 and 23 respectively, the LNA imposed a no-fly zone in Tripoli.

“Today we declare a no-fly zone, where flying is totally prohibited without prior coordination with the General Command of the armed forces,” LNA Spokesperson al-Masmari told a news conference, adding that Mitiga, Tripoli’s only functioning airport, was exempt for humanitarian reasons. In response to the LNA’s declaration, the GNA-affiliated interior ministry said in a statement that any action threatening civil aviation and airports “amounts to crimes punishable under national and international law”, 

Al Jazeera reported.

Similarly, on April. 14, 2019, another LNA’s MiG-21 jet was shot down during an advance on Tripoli, allegedly using Chinese-made FN-6 MANPADS, known to be in the hands of GNA armed groups.

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23ML is a third-generation jet fighter, variable-geometry fighter bomber aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union. It was brought back to active service at Benghazi airport, in eastern Libya, where it had been in storage for many years.

In 2015, the Libyan Air Force was believed to operate two MiG-23MLs (6472 based at Benina and 6132 based at al-Watiya) involved in the war of attrition against Libya Dawn forces. During that period, the Mig-23ML became famous for its extremely low-level pass which awed aviation enthusiast all over the world.

Darek Liam

Darek Liam is the North African editor for AMB, where he writes about the intersection of Technology and national security. He has been covering defense and national security issues for more than a decade, previously as African Union correspondent.

Choose Your Language